Here we discuss about swollen feet causes and treatment.
CAUSES OF SWOLLEN FEET:
- Swelling cause foot, legs, and ankle are common to persons overweight, blood clot in legs, leg infection, and venous insufficiency. Painless swelling of the feet is a common problem, especially for older people. Abnormal buildup in the ankles, feet, and legs that may causes the swelling. This may buildup and swelling is edema. Painless swelling may also affect both legs and calves. The swelling are notify in the lower part of body.
- People travel frequently or stand for long periods of time or walk for long periods of time or stay in one place for long periods of time, experience swelling in areas such as their legs, feet, and ankles. That is a very natural thing to do. But if swollen ankles and other symptoms appear on the swollen legs, problems are more likely to occur.
SWOLLEN FEET: WHY DOES IT HAPPEN AND IS IT HARMLESS?
There are various causes for swelling in our feet or legs.
DRUG INDUCED REACTIONS:
- For the physical problems we have, if we take prescription pills, swelling in our feet and ankles. It can occur due to their side effects. If we suspect that the swelling may be due to medication, it is best to see a doctor immediately. The medications can cause swollen feet, if the side effect that they causes fluid to collect in the lower part of body.
PROBLEMS WITH PREGNANCY:
- Many pregnant women have the problem of leg swelling. That is a common problem. But if they suddenly have swollen or swollen legs, they should see a doctor immediately. Swelling of the legs, especially due to abdominal pain, headache, nausea and vomiting, should be treated immediately by a doctor. Swelling of the legs can also occur in a few pregnant women due to preeclampsia or preeclampsia.
INJURIES TO THE FEET OR ANKLES:
- If there are injuries on the feet or ankles, swelling can occur around them. Swelling can occur when we sprain or injure our tendons while walking or running. This is because a sprain or injury to the ankle ligaments can cause excessive swelling in those areas, causing swelling in those areas.
LACK OF ADEQUATE VENOUS OR VENOUS VESSELS:
- Venous insufficiency occur not enough veins or blood vessels in our body, immediate swelling of the ankles occurs. This means that if there are not enough veins or blood vessels, there will be a problem with the smooth flow of blood from the legs to the heart through the veins. So that swelling occurs in the ankles.
- Inflammation of the ankles can occur even if there is an infection. People with diabetes, neurological problems and neurological problems are more likely to get foot infections. Those infections can cause swelling in their ankles. Infections can be cause by wounds such as burns, blisters and insect bites.
- If blood clots in the veins in the legs, it will block the flow of blood from the legs to the heart and from the heart to the legs. So that swelling occurs in the ankles and feet. If you have a painful discoloration of the legs, it is better to see a doctor immediately. Swelling may accompanied by pain, fever, redness or change in color in the affected area.
HEART, LIVER OR KIDNEY DISEASES:
- Heart, liver or kidney disease is more likely to cause swelling in the ankles and feet. If a person has swelling in the ankles in the evening, it means that his legs are swollen to retain salt and water due to heart failure on his right side. At the same time, if you have problems like swelling in the ankles as well as dizziness, loss of appetite and obesity, you should definitely see a doctor.
- The heart diseases symptoms are faster or abnormal heartbeat, chest pain, and pressure, and swollen abdomen, loss of appetite, nausea and trouble focusing.
- Liver disease can cause foot swelling the liver not functioning properly. It can be caused by genetic factors. Viruses, alcohol and obesity are also damage the liver. The other symptoms are yellowish skin and eyes, painful and swollen abdomen, itchy skin, fatigue, nausea or vomiting, and poor appetite, etc.
- Kidney disease are not working properly, you may have too much salt in your blood. It can leads to swelling in your feet and ankles. The symptoms are difficulty to sleep, chest pain, high blood pressure, and shortness of breath, etc.
HOW TO REDUCE SWELLING IN THE ANKLES OR FEET?
- The injuries to the ankle or foot, avoid walking with injured feet and ankles.
- Ice compresses can be applied on swollen ankles.
- It can be wrap in cloth around the swelling in the ankles.
- It can be lift on a chair or pillow without hanging legs while sitting.
- If diabetics have swelling in the legs, they should be treat daily with care without blisters or sores.
- If there is damage to the nerve, the pain in the feet will be blunt. So the problems in the feet will increase quickly.
- If you have deep vein thrombosis, it may be best to see a doctor.
TREATMENT FOR SWOLLEN FEET:
Some lifestyle factors can also help you to reduce the risk of swollen feet.
- Drinking plenty of water, wearing compression socks and stockings, soaking the feet in cool water, staying active, lose weight if overweight, eating a healthful diet and mindful of salt intake, massaging the feet, eat more potassium rich foods help you to reduce the water retention.
- Avoid salt and increasing water intake can help to reduce the fluid retention. Wearing supportive clothes and wear comfortable footwear and avoid standing for extension period.